FEV France is one of the eight winners of the automotive sector selected as part of the “France Relance” plan initiated by the French Government. The objective is to support investments of leading companies through dedicated funds to drive the transformation of the automotive and aerospace sectors.
As part of the France Relance plan, FEV France has invested in a test bench dedicated to fuel cell system tests of up to 200 kW. At the same time, the company has adapted two test benches for the development of hydrogen combustion engines at its site in Saint-Etienne-du-Rouvray (Seine Maritime).
Ongoing discussions regarding the reduction of CO2-emissions of more than 30% for trucks and 50% for passenger vehicles by 2030 point to hydrogen as a promising solution to ensure a reliable environmental transition and to meet these figures. FEV – a globally leading engineering provider – has more than 40 years of experience in the development of hydrogen internal combustion engines and more than 25 years in the field of fuel cell development.
“Thanks to the France Relance plan, at the beginning of 2021 we were able to expand our battery characterisation testing building,” said Nadim Andraos, President of FEV France, Spain and North Africa. “Today, we are pleased to have the opportunity to update our Saint-Etienne-du-Rouvray facility, which will then be able to provide testing and development of future technologies including hydrogen fueled propulsion solutions.”
Hydrogen Engine Development
One updated test bench has been specifically designed for medium power, high load applications such as buses or trucks, another one focuses on high power, high load marine applications.
The hydrogen internal combustion engine solution can be easily implemented utilizing existing infrastructures. However, this technology poses certain development challenges, which FEV - based on the company’s cutting-edge know-how - is successfully tackling:
- Dedicated design of combustion chamber layouts and piston liner interfaces to maximize reliability and efficiency
- Research conducted in collaboration with RWTH Aachen University, Germany, to address the unique behavior of hydrogen in the injection and mixing process
- Collaboration with major suppliers, especially regarding lubrication and ignition system and with spark plug manufacturers
- Improved crankcase ventilation counteracting H2-accumulation
- Rapid control prototyping to develop software tailored for H2-engines, thus obtaining optimized transient performance and low NOx emissions
Fuel Cell Development
During the past 25 years, FEV has become the top address for the development of fuel cell (FC) solutions for various applications. Among the company’s capabilities in terms of a 360-degree FC development, comprehensive benchmarking activities are included to provide customers with complete evaluations of according vehicles, components and full FC-systems. FEV even created a database of fuel cell system installations, which is regularly updated, and includes the control of the FC at the level of the system, subsystem and actuator. For system simulation and controls, FEV’s modular approach facilitates the tailoring of software to a wide variety of systems and topologies. As a result of this innovative approach, our team is able to identify the ideal fuel cell system for each application, and develop a tailored strategy for each customer.
The fuel cell test bench developed by FEV will allow FC-systems of up to 200 kW to be tested at the Saint-Etienne-du-Rouvray site. Within the global FEV network, even testing of systems of up to 400 kW is possible.
FEV’s capabilities for fuel cell development include:
- Developing fuel cell systems in house, FEV provides customized fuel cell powertrain solutions including vehicle integration
- Complete FEV-owned FCCU software IP and white-box solutions for hardware and software
- Structured benchmark approach to generate deep insights and valuable analyses
- Durability, environmental & performance testing from cell to system level
The planned start for future customer projects at FEV France’s facilities is set for March 2022 regarding the updated, and for September 2022 regarding the new test benches. The facilities will also meet the demands of adjacent markets to the automotive industry like the marine or aircraft sectors.
Also, construction and operation of FEV France’s new testing and development assets will enable the creation of around fifteen direct and indirect jobs on technical, commercial and managerial levels. The project is aligned with both the regional policy of the Normandy region, which seeks to develop a strong ecosystem around hydrogen energy, and the French and European energy transition policy, which aims on zero CO2-emission industries.